World Environment Day is celebrated every 5 June. The history of the commemoration of World Environment Day is taken from the opening of the Conference on the Human Environment organized by the United Nations (UN) on June 5-16, 1972 in Stockholm Sweden.
In 1972, the United Nations General Assembly designated June 5 as World Environment Day (WED).
The first celebration of World Environment Day took the theme “Only One Earth” which took place in 1974.
In the following years, World Environment Day has evolved as a platform to raise awareness of issues facing our environment such as air pollution, plastic pollution, illegal wildlife trade, sustainable consumption, sea level rise, and food security, among others.
World Environment Day also helps drive changes in national and international consumption patterns and environmental policies.
The commemoration of World Environment Day is carried out to call for awareness to the global community to take positive action to protect nature and planet earth. But until now the environmental crisis is still a big challenge for the world.
In 2021, the official global celebration of World Environment Day will be held on June 4-5 through the Virtual Launch Gala of the United Nations Decade on Ecosystem Restoration.
In the event, world leaders, activists, celebrities will give their messages regarding World Environment Day. There are also musical performances and host country programs, which this year will be in Pakistan.
World Environment Day 2021: Ecosystem Restoration
The theme for World Environment Day 2021 is Ecosystem Restoration or “Ecosystem Restoration”.
What Does Ecosystem Restoration Mean?
Ecosystem restoration means preventing, stopping, and repairing the destruction of nature. Ecosystem restoration means helping the restoration of ecosystems that have been damaged or damaged, as well as preserving ecosystems that are still intact. Healthier ecosystems, with richer biodiversity, result in greater benefits such as more fertile soil, greater timber and fish yields, and greater greenhouse gas stores.
How to interpret the theme “Ecosystem restoration” can be by planting trees, greening cities, rebuilding gardens, changing diet or cleaning rivers and beaches.
In the framework of International Environment Day June 5, 2021, the United Nation wrote, global greenhouse gas emissions have increased for three consecutive years which have the potential to bring disaster.
The emergence of COVID-19 also shows how dire the consequences of the loss of ecosystems can be. By shrinking the area of natural habitat for animals, humans have created ideal conditions for pathogens – including the coronavirus – to spread, the UN wrote.
“With this big and challenging picture, World Environment Day focuses on ecosystem restoration with the theme “Reimagine. Recreate. Restore. Only with healthy ecosystems can we improve people’s livelihoods, counteract climate change, and stop the loss of biodiversity,” the UN said. .
World Environment Day 2021 Host Country: Pakistan
Each World Environment Day is hosted by a different country, where the official celebration takes place, and this year’s host is Pakistan.